Lab 2 Pre-Lab Exercise:

Before lab review the functional morphology of a vertebra.

  1. Find the spinous and transverse processes, superior and inferior articular facets, the body, pedicles, and laminae.
  2. Note the differences between cervical, lumbar, thoracic, and sacral vertebrae and acquire at least a general idea of the movements possible in each of these four segments of the vertebral column.
  3. Note how these segments grade into each other.


Study an articulated skeleton and note that each rib has two synovial articulations with the vertebrae:

  • One between the head of the rib and the vertebral bodies
  • One between the tubercle of the rib and a transverse process.

Look at the ventral surface of a skeleton and locate the following structures:

  • Manubrium, body, and xiphoid process of the sternum
  • 2nd and 5th intercostal spaces.

Atlas Images:




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