The "Happy Relation" Between Black and White Communities in Durham:
The Establishment and Development of Public Library Systems, 1890-1930
by Hillary Martinez

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Like most public libraries in the South during the early twentieth century, the Durham County Library refused to serve the African American community. Together, the history of the development of both the County Library serving the white community and the Colored Library established by a grassroots movement in the city's black community capture the racial inequities and social undercurrents of the era.

Durham Public Libraries Paper