The Following is a set of brief outlines of current lectures:

-------------------------------------------------8/26/02
"Introductory Psychology"
The Course .... (the books, the lectures ...)
-web site
*your grade
*Research Participation Requirement
Integration and the assorted cookie box ...
   > Our first experiment: Making sense of washing clothes
   -integration in method
   -integration in quest
-------------------------------------------------8/28/02
"About Our Nature"
The revelations of hysteria ...
Freud's Recognition of:
   -the Unconscious
   -internal forces
   -developmental process
Theory of Id, Ego, Superego
   -(the iceberg)
   -to party or not to party
-------------------------------------------------8/30/02
"Data from the unconscious, revealed in:"
   -associations
   -dreams
   -slips
   -memory
   -literature
Freud's Theory is Developmental
Criticisms and Significance
   -Is it science?
   -But importance in interaction of biology and experience:
           -things unaware, things motivational, development &
               dynamic processes and emergent properties
-------------------------------------------------9/2/02
”Freud comes to America ...”
'Instincts' from Duke
    -and the emergence of 'Trait' psychology
  *issue of trait vs situation (“interaction”)
The analysis of Traits (Sheldon as simplified example)
    -reliability & validity
Trait Constellations & Factor Analysis
Traits and Temperment
    -consistency
    -developmental studies of consistency
    -twins (and correlations; see text appendix to

         find out more about ‘correlation’)

-------------------------------------------------9/4/02
”Our Common wants, drives, desires ... “
The motive to Eat ... the motive to be thin
   -a case: obesity
   -a case: anorexia
Motivation as Basic Process (Biological needs)

   - Biological Concept:
      >>feedback and servomechanism (homeostasis)
   - Biological Basis (neural systems?)

      >>Our First Introduction to the A.R.M. Brain model
      >>hypothalamic centers … initial data
-------------------------------------------------9/6/02
 ”Reconsideration of brain centers”
   -(VMH) for satiety ... metabolic issues primary

   -(LH) for hunger ... pathways disrupted

       “spaghetti and meatballs”

     >> and importance of dopamine system (“red”)

           for expression of behavior

                 =recreational drug effects

                 =Parkinsons Disease
-------------------------------------------------9/9/02
”Motivation as Push or Pull ?”

   -“drive reduction”

   - “optimal levels of arousal”
Hedonism and Brain pleasure systems

   >> more on the role of dopamine ?
  -rats
  -people's reports parallel to Natasha K (Sacks)
Sources of Control (from biological to cultural)
  -innate preferences, neophobia
  -habituation
  -“conditioning”
  -social effects

    >> recognizing our own biases (survey)

-------------------------------------------------9/11/02
(survey review)

Society, Culture & Anorexia Nervosa … final thoughts

“Autonomic Nervous System”

   - outline of divisions

   - behavioral relevance

  >> measuring our heart rate (parasympathetic state)

  >> modulating our heart rate (sympathetic)

     *significance of this direct control from thought

     *danger from “positive” feedback

Interpretation of physiological state and behavior

       in relation to emotion (James’ theory and the “bear”)

 -------------------------------------------------9/13/02
Influence of ANS on emotional reaction (Schacter data)

“Abnormality and Psychopathology”

   (Psychotherapeutic Resources … see web link)

    Types of therapists and orientation

  -DSM – IV and major categories of illness
      >> Schizophrenia

           =profound nature and characteristis      

           =clinical illustrations            (video)
-------------------------------------------------9/16/02
“Demons to Disease”
   -Review of major categories and examples
   -Issues with classification
-------------------------------------------------9/18/02
”Models and Therapy …”

     -diathesis: stress (ultimate: proximate)

   Therapy
     -approaches
           =biological
           =psychological
     -effectiveness
-----------------------------------TEST 1------9/20/02
--------------------------------------------------9/23/02
Fabulous Constructions”
Darwin & Natural Selection
   - significance of Mechanism of Selection
   - importance of Behavior
The Field of Ethology
-------------------------------------------------9/25/02
Ethology and Species Specific Behavior”
                     (video examples)
   - FAPs

         >releasing stimuli (triggers; “click-whir”)

   - imprinting

         >critical periods (window)
   - attachment in monkeys
-------------------------------------------------9/27/02
Attachment & Bonding (& Love?)”

Parental care (love?)

   - ultimate and proximate explanation

   - experience and hormones in rodents
Male - Female bonding (love?)
   - courtship & ritualization
Mating Systems
   - evolutionary economics
   - mate selection in humans (our data)

(to be continued … out of time)

------------------------------------------------- 9/30/02

Aggression & Violence
  - Evolutionary Considerations

    >maleness …
  - Proximate Mechanisms
      = testosterone
      = serotonin
'Biological' not genetic, 'Biological' not pathology
-------------------------------------------------10/2/02
'Facilitated Communication' (documentary)
   -experience in critical thinking and analysis

   -power of social process

   -autism

-------------------------------------------------10/4/02
Evolution, Cultural and Social Context
  - Social Cognition
Attitudes
 >How to Change Attitudes

  - esp. cognitive dissonance
-------------------------------------------------10/7/02
 >Stabilizing Attitudes
Making those first Impressions
Attribution
   - the big bias and others
-------------------------------------------------10/9/02
Social Influence
   - the Milgram Experiment
Understanding Conformity

Understanding Obediance
   - the Stanford Prisoner Study
-----------------------------------TEST 2----10/11/02
-------------------------------------------------10/16/02
How to think about 'Learning'
         -Types as “Event” relationships
    1. Single Event Learning
         -sensitization (the gain)

             >class EVENT!
         -habituation (the contrast)
-------------------------------------------------10/18/02
    2. Event-Event Learning
         -Pavlovian Conditioning
         "Ok... put your books under your seat and
              take out a piece of paper ..."
         -Basic phenomena of learing
                =acquisition
                =forgetting
                =extinction
                =generalization
                =2nd order conditioning

                =the CR and relation to UR (Zener & Holland)
-------------------------------------------------10/21/02
         - Pavlovian relevance !!
    3. Response Event Learning
          -Operant Conditioning
             >Thorndike>Watson>Skinner
          -Response selection and the law of effect
          -Similarity in basic phenomena to Pavlovian
              Conditioning

                =acquisition
                =extinction > recovery
                =generalization, discriminative stimuli
                =conditioned reinforcement (re: 2nd order conditioning)

                =partial reinforcement effect

          -Performance on schedules of reinforcement

-------------------------------------------------10/23/02
The mush that's your brain
         ...what Cajal saw
Visualizing and conceptualizing the brain
    -from spinal cord/a little brain/its organization
    - ... to mamallian neuroanatomy basics
    -brain cells (neurons)

-------------------------------------------------10/25/02
The MPTP Story
    -the importance of neurons and neurotransmitters

   (dopamine, Parkinsons disease, l-dopa, fetal transplants)
-------------------------------------------------10/28/02
Conduction in the neuron (axon)
   (from Galvani to the squid giant axon...)
    -membranes, ions, pumps and resting potential
    -depolarization, threshold, Action Potential (spike)
    -conduction of the Action Potential and characteristics
Experiment measuring Conduction speed
-------------------------------------------------10/30/02
Transmission between neurons

Sherrington and the Synapse
        =reflex as the unit
        =inferring the synapse from behavioral data
   -some electrical recording
   -Neurotransmission
        =steps in sequence
        =neurotransmitters
        =sites for drug action
    -Significance of the synapse in terms of biological
        accessibility and vulnerability

-------------------------------------------------11/1/02
(a bit more on synapse)

Those Convolutions ...
  (Functions of the Human Cortex)
    -techniques for study (damage, stimulation, monitoring)
    -Localization of Function, the concept ...
    -Primary sensory & motor areas
 (the meaning of "Association areas" ...)
Functional deficits from cortical damage
--------------------------------------------------11/4/02
Functional deficits from cortical damage
    - apraxias
    - agnosias
Language deficits
        =expressive and receptive aphasia (Broca & Wernicke)
Introduction to Sensation & Perception
("the construction of your reality)
    -outline of:  transduction >> experiencing
Processing in sensory systems and the matter of
  sensory coding
    - adaptation
    - contrast
    - color
--------------------------------------------------11/6/02
Processing in sensory systems and the matter of
  sensory coding
    - adaptation
    - contrast
    - color
Perception

(Constructing realities ...)

     - where things are (depth)

     - what they're doing (movement)

     - what they are

Bottom-up vs Top-down contributions to perception
-----------------------------------TEST 3----11/8/02
-------------------------------------------------11/11/02

(Lect: Steve Prince)

What is memory?

How to investigate it

MNEMONICS

 -relating new information to that which is already known

 -organization

 -Method of loci

MEMORY when broken

MEMORY when it works too well

MEMORY RETRIEVAL

    >Recall

    >Recognition

IMPLICIT vs EXPLICIT MEMORY

-Memory without awareness

-Priming

-False fame effect

-stimulus specific

-------------------------------------------------11/13/02

(Lect: Steve Prince)

Forgetting

 -Ebbinghaus’ curve and decay of traces

 -Retroactive and Proactive Interference

 -Foreign language forgetting over a long time period

 -Permastore

FLASHBULB MEMORIES

WORKING MEMORY

-Storage capacity of working memory (7 + or – 2)

-memory span task

-Primacy

-Recency

-CHUNKING

-Maintenance rehearsal

Amnesia

 >Anterograde Amnesia ()

 >Retrograde Amnesia ()

 >patient H.M. and surgery

Associative retrieval vs Strategic retrieval

-------------------------------------------------11/15/02

Memory ... how we use it

    -experimental comparisons of WorkingMem/LTM

    -primacy vs recency

=Encoding/Storage Retrieval

    -amnesia patient

5 techniques for enhancing memory

-why they work, how they make use of use

  of our understanding of memory processes

--------------------------------------------------11/18/02

thinking about things … Cognition

   -Representations

     Analogical

     Symbolic  

       -Cognition models

            -networks

-PDP processing

            -AI

   -Solving Problems

            … organization

            … obstacles

    = Stroop; experiment on the intrusion of automaticity

    = Mental Set

… tricks for problem solving

   -Making Decisions

--------------------------------------------------11/20/02

   -Making Decisions (continued)

            ... processes and biases

           … tricks for better decisions

 (Where does thinking come from)

Cognitive Development: Piaget

            - 4 conceptual stages and descriptive evidence

Cognitive Development: other Perspectives

-         problems with Piagetian details …

-         stages vs continuities

-         what’s going on during development

                      … memory issues

--------------------------------------------------11/22/02

Language: Basic Properties

    =what’s really amazing …

      5 Properties of language

… review of properties and examples covering

          -phonemes and morphemes

          -syntax vs sematics

          -surface vs deep structure

--------------------------------------------------11/25/02

Language: Developmental Issues

      =intro with “Wild Child”

--------------------------------------------------11/27/02

Language: Developmental Issues

     (continued consideration of)

-stages

-unusual environments

-critical periods

  PLUS review of a few topic concepts Before BREAK

 

--------------------------------------------------12/2/02

Issues of Intelligence

     - IQ … what it is and how we use it

            = reliability

            = validity

         But

     - many intelligences?

     - and how we think about genes and environment

            ** within group vs between group difference

                 … understand significance

--------------------------------------------------12/4/02

The “null hypothesis” and ESP

   -Duke’s (in)famous Dr. Rhine and parapsychology tasks

   -failure to confirm in any instance of paranormal phenomenon

Video Clip of Henry Gleitman

Review of First 3 Segments for cumulative Exam 5

 

============Test 4 & 5(opt) =====12/9/02 7pm